India is a land of great cultural diversity and hence all the festivals are celebrated differently in different parts of the country.
Holi is no exception. The festival of colors is celebrated differently with different name in different parts of the country. There are also different legends and mythological stories behind these regional names of festival of Holi.
I am sure you might be interested in knowing about Regional Names of Holi Festival.
In this article you will find some interesting details about these different Regional Names of Holi.
Regional Names of Holi Festival :
In Braj Region of India – the land of Lord Krishna, Holi is celebrated as “Lathmaar Holi” wherein women beat up men with sticks (locally known as lath or lathi) and men folk protect themselves with shields.
In Haryana, festival of colors is celebrated as “Dulandi Holi” wherein bhabhi’s beat up their devars and make them pay the price of all the pranks they played on them for the entire year.
In Maharashtra, Holi is known as “Rangpanchami” and is celebrated 5 days after Holi and it is particularly popular amongst fishermen community.
In West Bengal, Holi is known as “Basant Utsav” a celebration to welcome Spring, the season of hope not just with colours but with songs, dance, chanting of hymns. The tradition of celebrating Basant Utsav was started by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore.
In Bengal, Odisha and Assam, Holi is celebrated as “Dol Jatra” or “Dol Purnima” wherein procession of idols of Krishna and Radha are taken round the main streets of the city. In this procession devotees sing and dance and apply color power (abeer, gulal) on each other and spray coloured water.
In Punjab, Holi is celebrated as Hola Mohalla – an annual fair which is organized in a large scale at Anandpur Sahib, a day after festival of Holi. This tradition was started by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. It is a three day fair showcasing physical strength by performing dare-devil acts like bareback horse-riding, standing erect on two speeding horses, Gatka (mock encounters), tent pegging, etc.
In the state of Goa, the festival is known as “Shimgo” wherein people play with bright colours to welcome the arrival of spring.
In the southern state of Tamil Nadu, people celebrate Holi as “Kaman Pandigai” wherein people worship Kaamadeva for his supreme sacrifice.
In parts of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, Holi is known by the regional name of “Phagwa” or “Phagu Purnima” – becasue it occurs in the Hindu calendar month of Phalgun.
Holi is also known as “Vasant Mahotsav” in Northern part of the country.